Agriculture is the process of cultivating various livestock and plants. Agriculture was one of the crucial development in the development of sedentary urban civilization, through which farming of domesticate species made large surpluses that allowed the population to reside in cities. The history of agriculture started many thousands of years back. Agriculture has played a vital role in shaping the world economy and has thus contributed significantly to the social stability of mankind.
Agriculture is the management of the production of foods. Livestock is usually used to provide meat, milk and furs, and crops such as cereals, legumes, and vegetables. Agriculture mainly focuses on the use of tools and machinery and the use of living resources such as air, water, land, and fertility of soil. The scope of agriculture is enormous and an extensive variety of livelihoods can be developed through it.
Agriculture has provided food for human beings and has been their main source of survival since ancient times. Agriculture has contributed to the progress of nations by generating vast wealth. Agriculture is practiced in different parts of the world, with different cultures and with different approaches. The major advantages of agriculture are based on its contribution to economic growth. One of the major disadvantages of agriculture is the use of pesticides and other chemicals that have been known to be harmful to human health and the environment.
The use of pesticides has been found to be harmful to the environment as well as to human health. Thus, the overuse of pesticides has led to the creation of more genetically modified organisms (GMO). These GMOs are more resistant to conventional pesticides. As a result, farmers are required to use more chemicals to protect themselves from pests and to grow food crops. Another disadvantage of agriculture is that the use of fertilizers has led to soil erosion, water pollution, and desertion of lands.
The use of pesticides has led to the misuse of water resources, soil pollution, and air pollution. This situation has encouraged the growth of radical groups such as the eco-terrorists who wage a campaign of sabotage and violence against the agricultural industry in favor of organic farmers. In view of these factors, farmers are increasingly adopting more eco-friendly techniques of farming. However, while adopting such techniques, farmers must remember that these methods reduce only a part of the total damage caused by conventional farming techniques.
Agriculture is practiced in many parts of the world. The most populous countries in the world where agriculture is practiced including China, India, Pakistan, Taiwan, South Africa, the USA, Argentina, and Brazil. Agriculture has contributed largely to the economic well-being of these countries. Farmers should therefore be given credit for the contribution they make to the well-being of their societies and nations.